Domain Areas Details

Technologies for Clean Environment

Environmental technologies range from providing renewable energy sources, technologies to augment fuel efficiency, environmental quality assessment, providing urban and rural sanitation
  1. Multi-fuel biomass cook-stoves: This technology is for various types of multi-fuel stoves that conserve energy, reduce pollution and minimize emission of greenhouse gases into the atmosphere. Investment cost range from Rs 50,000 to Rs 2 lakhs and the cost of the stoves can be recovered within six months through fuel saving.
  2. Low Cost Sanitary Wares: Technologies for development of ceramic low cost sanitary ware have been instrumental in delivering appropriate solutions to the rural areas in the field of public health and sanitation.



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TECHNOLOGIES FOR WATER

Several technologies have applications in the area of water source finding and supply; water purification, water recycling and water quality assessment.
  1. Mine Water Reclamation Technology: The technology enables treatment of coal mine effluent water so as to make it suitable for drinking. This is currently available in pilot scale and needs scale up.
  2. Electrochemical Defluoridation of Water: An electrochemical cell is used to remove fluoride from drinking water. Developed upto a scale of 200 litres/hour, it can be scaled up further. A 10 kilolitre per day capacity plant is likely to incur an investment of around Rs 3.3 lakhs.
  3. Removal of Arsenic and Iron from Ground Water: A ceramic membrane based technology for simultaneous removal of arsenic and iron from contaminated ground water. It requires an investment of around Rs 5 lakhs including plant proper, membrane module cleaning device and plant shed. The plant is able to treat arsenic upto 2.7 ppm and iron upto 13 ppm.
  4. Terafil Water Filter: It is a low cost highly efficient water filtration media for purification of impure turbid raw water into clean drinking water at minimal cost. Terafil disc used for



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Agro Processing Technologies

Technologies have been instrumental in providing nutritious food products, processed food items, improving the shelf life of food and also provide value added food.
  1. Extraction of Rice Bran Oil: The developed process helps in production of high-quality rice bran oil. It is an environment friendly biotechnology based process and does not eliminate the nutritional components of the refined oil. The process requires significantly less water and no effluents are generated and are available in various capacities.
  2. X-ray imaging based mango sorting system:Uses a non-destructive indigenous technology based on x-ray imaging to sort mangoes based on internal disorders in real time. The system is integrated with mechanical feeding conveyor, rejection assembly, and software and hardware modules. Enables grading and sorting of 3000 mangoes per hour. Fixed investment is of the order of Rs 50 lakhs with production cost per system of Rs 25 lakhs.



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Waste Management:

Urban and rural waste have become major concerns for mankind and pose a challenge in providing clean environment and reduction in accumulated trashes.
  1. Plastic Waste Sorting System for Recycling PET Materials: The technology involves sorting of disposed plastic containers and other forms of plastic waste. The materials are suitable for recovery and recycling. It helps protecting environment and public health. There is a fixed investment of Rs 58 lakhs and a production cost of Rs 16 lakhs per system.
  2. Wood substitute products from industrial waste: The technology uses natural fibre reinforced industrial wastes (red mud, fly ash) as polymer composites to make wood substitute products. Major advantages of the technology are room temperature processing and high strength to weight ratio. It is useful in producing furniture, partitions, tiles and floors.



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Technologies for Building and Construction:

India's building and construction needs focus upon not only large real estate sector but also on smaller ones. These include rural housing, urban rehabilitation of slums, building houses for disaster victims etc. The technological interventions have made construction affordable through reduction in cost of materials and construction; improved building materials; providing state of art wood substitutes; building prefabricated instant houses and so on.
  1. EPS Door Shutters: This unique technology is an wood substitute and is cheaper than wood product. Approved by the CPWD, this plant costs around Rs 1.1 crore for capacity of 30,000 doors per annum.
  2. Instant House for Disaster Victims: This technology that is capable of assembling instant houses is easy to adopt.
  3. Semi Mechanised Brick Making Machine: This technology is likely to find use in the numerous brick kilns. The machine having capacity of producing 4000 wire cut bricks per hour has an economically low rate of power consumption, involves low capital outlay and possess advanced design.
  4. Mini Cement Plant for Cement Manufacture: This is a vertical shaft kiln technology for plants of various capacities ranging from 20 to 100 TPD. The technology is viable even in places having small deposits of raw materials. Installation cost is of the order of Rs 650 lakhs for a 50TPD plant.



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Machinery:

A large variety of farm and industrial equipment and machinery including, tractors, harvesters, oil expellers, fluidized bed dryers and tea plucking etc. have been made to reduce drudgery at work and scale up of productivity.
  1. Swaraj Tractor: It is the country's first indigenously made tractor suitable for medium land holdings. The tractor incorporates a 20 hp diesel engine, having a single lever automatic depth-cum-position control hydraulic system for working of mounted implements. It incorporates a new finger-tip single lever automatic depth-cum-position control hydraulic system for better working on mounted implements. It is also suitable for operation of Rotillor and Combine Harvester. The know-how was released to Punjab Tractors Limited who has been successfully marketing it since 1974.
  2. Tea Leaf Plucking Machine: This machine has a high harvesting capacity due to longer cutter bar. It involves low operational cost of plucking. It is suitable for stiffing operation by changing the cutter bar. It consists of a fuel efficient; air cooled 2-stroke 40.6 c.c. capacity petrol engines which are capable of developing 20 H.P at 7200rpm.



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Textiles:

Several technologies have applications in the area of textiles industry. Textile includes cotton and jute, silk, wool, man-made and synthetic fibres and combines of one or more fibres.



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Handicrafts:

Technological intervention in the field of handicrafts can diminish the problems of low productivity and other technological issues.
  1. Bell-Metal Dokra Artifacts: A package of improved techniques for making bell metal craft. It has been adopted by the tribal artisans in Bastar(MP), Bankura and Barddhaman districts of West Bengal.
  2. Low Cost Coal Fired Furnace for Melting of Non- Ferrous Metals: it is a process for melting non- ferrous metals. Melting is rapid and does not create any smoke during burning of coal.



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Sustainable Development:

Technologies that focus for sustainable development create a scenario of not damaging the planet. Examples of sustainable development include synthetic biology, clean coal technology, green construction technologies or bio village concept.



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Pottery:

Technologies ideal for pottery sector enable the workers to get access to relevant modern features which are essential for their development.


Pottery on wheel: it is a process to have improved design of potter’s wheel, kiln and process for traditional terracotta wares for production of better quality and high productivity potter’s wheel.



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Gems and Jewellery:

Several technologies identified for the gems and jewellery industry assures to solve the problems faced by this sector.
  1. Custom Made Jewellery Manufacturing: This process enables efficient management of jewellery workshops. Artisans too can update their skills in basic as well as advanced jewellery making techniques.
  2. Technologies for Polishing and Finishing: It is a technology to provide lustre and proper finish to the gems and jewelleries.
  3. Environment Friendly Gas Fires Kiln for Glass Beads: this technology is for producing glass beads.it has two pots capacity and the kiln is a ceramic fibre and ceramic board lined, metal clad gas firing system. The kiln is portable and safe for artisans.
  4. Gold plating solution: process for making decorative gold plating solution concentrate (20g gold/L). It can be used in decorative gold polishing of low cost jewellery for e.g ear rings, bangles and other ornaments.



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